IEC 60909 PDF

This calculation is based on IEC (, c), “Short-circuit currents in three-phase a.c. systems – Part 0: Calculation of currents” and. EasyPower offers a complete and accurate solution to short-circuit calculations in three-phase AC systems using the IEC standard. You can enter. IEC Edition INTERNATIONAL. STANDARD. NORME. INTERNATIONALE. Short-circuit currents in three-phase a.c. systems –.

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With respect to equation 99 in table 3 the steady-state short-circuit current of asynchronous motors is zero in the case of a three-phase short circuit at the terminals figure 12 and equation Figure 20 describes this situation with balanced and unbalanced short circuits with earth connection at the short-circuit iev F. Example HV breaker ratings in the device library Figure 4: Request permission to reuse content from this site. The decaying aperiodic component 6009.

Investigations of non-simultaneous short circuits, which may lead to higher aperiodic components of short-circuit current, are beyond the scope of this standard. O 1 marks the positive-sequence neutral reference. In all cases it is possible to determine the short-circuit current at the short-circuit location F with the help of an equivalent voltage source. The influence of various winding-temperatures on RGf is not considered. NOTE Equivalent circuits of the positive-sequence and the zero-sequence system 60099 given in IECtable Iitem 4 to 7 for different cases of starpoint earthing.

Calculate the Impedance 8. For unbalanced faults, ifc 868788 and 89 are used. Annex A forms an integral part of iev standard. For large transformers the resistance is so small that the impedance may be assumed to consist only of reactance irc calculating short-circuit currents.

IEC Short-circuit currents in three-phase a c. Synchronous machines generators, motors, or compensators with terminal-fed static exciters do not contribute to I k in the case of a short-circuit at the terminals of the machine, but they contribute to l k if there is an impedance between the terminals and the short-circuit location.

IEC Short-Circuit in EasyPower

The correction factor Kso shall also be applied to the zero-sequence system impedance of the power station unit excepting, if present, an impedance component between the star point of the transformer and earth.


Calculation for a Load Circuit Factors ;Iminand il,,for salient-pole generators The generator impedance shall be transferred to the high-voltage side using the rated transformation ratio t. Steady-state short-circuit current I k is calculated based on section 4. For remote buses and branches across transformers, a phase iiec shift is applied accordingly by the short circuit calculations.

The equivalent voltage source is the only active voltage of the system.

In all cases I L is equal to Ikv,because the short circuits are far-from-generator short circuits see 1. In the case of unbalanced short circuits, the impedance correction factor KSOfrom equation 24 shall be applied to both the positive-sequence and the negative-sequence system impedances of the power station unit. In some special cases, it could happen that the decaying short-circuit current reaches zero for the first time, some cycles after the short circuit took place.

Electrical equipment may be overstressed due to the short-circuit duration. Short-circuit currents and partial short-circuit currents for three-phase short circuits between generator and unit transformer with or without on-load tap. The estimation according to equation 28 is ic allowed in the case of three-winding transformers.

Short Circuits in Power Systems: A Practical Guide to IEC 60909-0, 2nd Edition

Short-circuit 69009 reactors shall be treated as a part of the short-circuit impedance. When using this method in meshed networks with transformers, generators and power station units, the impedance correction factors KT,KG and Ks, respectively Kso, shall be introduced with the same values as for the 50 Hz or 60 Hz calculations. For phase TCC clipping and tick marks, Uec automatically selects the asymmetrical currents for low voltage circuit breakers, fuses and electromechanical relays.

It does not take into account adjustable time delays of tripping devices.

IEC-60909 Short-Circuit in EasyPower

This does not exclude the use of special methods, for example the superposition method, adjusted to particular ice, if they give at least the same precision. If not, they are subject to additional considerations.


While using fuses or current-limiting circuit-breakers to protect substations, the initial symmetrical short- circuit current is first calculated as if these devices were not available.

Motor contributions are excluded. An example for the introduction of the correction factors of equation ie to the positive-sequence and the zero-sequence system impedances of the equivalent circuits is given in 2.

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In this case, it is necessary to distinguish between networks with and without parallel branches see 4. IEC TR2- lire: This is the 3I0 value 3 times the zero oec current.

Factor q for the calculation of the symmetrical short-circuit breaking current of asynchronous motors Short-circuit impedances of a three-phase a. I made the wrong choice ci I purchasing agent other The superposition method gives the short-circuit current related to the one load flow presupposed.

Calculations are simplest for balanced short circuits on radial systems, as the individual contributions to a balanced short circuit can be evaluated separately for each source figures 609099 or Impedances 2, between the starpoint of transformers and earth are to be introduced as 3 2, into the zero-sequence system without a correction factor.

Short-circuit currents and short-circuit impedances may also be determined by system tests, by measurement on a network analyzer, or with a digital computer. In the calculation of short-circuit currents, those 6090 and low-voltage motors may be neglected, provided that, according to the circuit diagram interlocking or to the process reversible drivesthey are not switched in at the same time. Supply to a Factory Voltage sensitivity report for buses with voltage below threshold Transformer Phase Shift The short-circuit calculation provides the phase angle of the branch currents and the bus voltages at various equipment.

The factor K shali be calculated according to 4. CE1- Instead of: Depending on the application of the results, it is of interest to know the r.