Autonomous Biological Control of Dactylopius opuntiae (Hemiptera: Dactyliiopidae) in a Prickly Pear Plantation With Ecological Management. The cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae (Cockerell), is a key pest of Opuntia spp. (Plantae: Cactaceae). It reduces the plants’ useful-life and affects. The presence of the Opuntia cochineal scale insect, Dactylopius opuntiae ( Cockerell) (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Dactylopiidae) is reported for the.

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Some cacti are invasive plants, and as parasites of cacti, Dactylopius species have been employed as agents of biological pest control in Africa and Australia. Environmental Entomology 39 4 It is a highly effective biological control agent. Ceratocombidae Dipsocoridae Hypsipterygidae Schizopteridae Stemmocryptidae. The pest is capable of killing small cacti within months, or a large cactus dactyylopius two years.

More information about modern web browsers can be found at http: Hydrometridae marsh treaders or water measurers Macroveliidae Paraphrynoveliidae. First record of Dactylopius opuntiae Cockerell Hemiptera: Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad Aclerdidae Asterolecaniidae pit scales Beesoniidae beesoniids Carayonemidae carayonemids Cerococcidae ornate pit scales Coccidae soft scales Conchaspididae Dactylopiidae cochineals Diaspididae armored scales Eriococcidae felt scales Halimococcidae pupillarial palm scales Kermesidae Kerriidae lac scales Lecanodiaspididae false pit scales Margarodidae cottony cushion scales, giant coccids, ground pearls Micrococcidae Mediterranean scales Monophlebidae giant scales Ortheziidae ensign scales Phenacoleachiidae phenacoleachiids Phoenicococcidae palm scales Pseudococcidae mealybugs Putoidae giant mealybugs Stictococcidae stictococcids.


The females attach themselves to the plants and remain there for the rest of their lives.

Neotropical Entomology 40 1 Direction of dispersion of cochineal Dactylopius coccus Costa within the Americas. Reproduccion de cochinilla Silvestre Dactylopius opuntiae Homoptera: This process was studied in a prickly pear plantation Opuntia megacanthaandOpuntia ficus-indica located in central Mexico.

Rulers of the Inca Empire stored supplies of the insects as a commodityas they were the only source of red dye for clothing and other textiles. Articles with Spanish-language external links Webarchive template wayback links Articles with ‘species’ microformats.

Dactylopius opuntiae

Aradidae flat bugs Termitaphididae termite bugs. Some species of Opuntiaor clones thereof, are fully or partially resistant to the scale.

Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. It has reportedly been used for this purpose in the Americas since the 10th century.

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The red crawlers are armed with long filaments on the posterior part of their abdomen. The feeding of the scale induces yellow areas on the cladode within a few weeks, subsequently causing its drop. Dactylopiidae and identification of the symbiotic bacteria.


Journal of Applied Ecology 36 1 Dactylopius species can be found on cacti in many types of dry habitat, including forests, grasslands, cultivated fields, disturbed and weedy areas, and gardens. Eggs hatch very soon dacrylopius they are laid, sometimes within minutes, and probably even occasionally while they are still inside the female.

It is a major pest of cactus plantations in South America, and has recently invaded Israel. The greater abundance of cochineal occurred between summer and autumn while the minimum value was recorded in spring.

Pyrrhocoridae red bugs, cotton stainers Largidae bordered plant bugs. Don’t need the entire report? Corixoidea Corixidae water boatmen. Distribution and habitat in Mexico of Opuntiwe Costa Hemiptera: Several organic compounds have been applied against the pest, including neutral detergent concentrations, cassava starch, liquid wastes, terpenoids, mineral oils and neemwhich was the most efficient.

Datasheet Dactylopius opuntiae prickly pear cochineal. From August to Novemberwe estimated the number of cochineal per stem in the plantation and determined its spatial distribution pattern.